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Install Minecraft on Linux Server

First, make sure that all of the latest patches are installed

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get dist-upgrade
sudo reboot

Install Java

Create a directory to store Minecraft

sudo mkdir /opt
cd /opt
sudo mkdir minecraft

Download Minecraft

cd /opt/minecraft

sudo wget

if [ -h minecraft_server.jar ]; then
    sudo rm -f minecraft_server.jar

sudo ln -s minecraft_server.1.13.2.jar minecraft_server.jar

Start the server to generate all of the supporting files

cd /opt/minecraft
sudo chmod o+w /opt/minecraft
java -Xms1024M -Xmx1024M -jar minecraft_server.jar nogui
# After the server startup is "done", stop the server by pressing Ctrl-C
sudo chmod o-w /opt/minecraft

Create a user for Minecraft to run under

sudo useradd minecraft

Make sure that the minecraft user owns all of the files…

sudo chown -R minecraft:minecraft /opt/minecraft

I also like to have plugins on my server so I use Spigot:

cd /tmp
java -jar BuildTools.jar --rev 1.13.2
sudo mv craftbukkit-1.13.2.jar spigot-1.13.2.jar /opt/minecraft/
cd /opt/minecraft
if [ -h spigot.jar ]; then
    sudo rm -f spigot.jar
sudo ln -s spigot-1.13.2.jar spigot.jar
if [ -h craftbukkit.jar ]; then
    sudo rm -f craftbukkit.jar
sudo ln -s craftbukkit-1.13.2.jar craftbukkit.jar 

Configure a startup script

Upstart (Ubuntu prior to 15.04)

cat > /tmp/minecraft.conf << EOF
# description "start and stop the minecraft-server"

chdir /opt/minecraft

exec su -s /bin/sh -c 'exec "\$0" "\$@"' minecraft -- \
    /usr/bin/java -Xms1024M -Xmx1024M -jar minecraft_server.jar nogui > /dev/null

start on runlevel [2345]
stop on runlevel [^2345]


sudo mv /tmp/minecraft.conf /etc/init/
sudo chown root:root /etc/init/minecraft.conf

systemd (Ubuntu 15.04 and after)

cat > /tmp/minecraft.service << EOF
Description=Minecraft Server

SuccessExitStatus=0 1 143

ExecStart=/usr/bin/java -Xmx1024M -Xms1024M -jar minecraft_server.jar nogui


sudo mv /tmp/minecraft.service /etc/systemd/system/
sudo chown root:root /etc/systemd/system/minecraft.service

sudo systemctl enable minecraft.service

Start Minecraft Service

sudo service minecraft start
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